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Activity of natural occurring entomopathogenic fungi on nymphal and adult stages of Philaenus spumarius

Authors: Nicola Bodino, Riccardo Barbera, Natalia González-Mas, Stefano Demichelis, Domenico Bosco, Paola Dolci
Date Published:
Via: Science Direct

Abstract

The spittlebug Philaenus spumarius (Hemiptera: Aphrophoridae) is the predominant vector of Xylella fastidiosa (Xanthomonadales: Xanthomonadaceae) in Apulia, Italy and the rest of Europe. Current control strategies of the insect vector rely on mechanical management of nymphal stages and insecticide application against adult populations. Entomopathogenic fungi (EPF) are biological control agents naturally attacking spittlebugs and may effectively reduce population levels of host species. Different experimental trials in controlled conditions have been performed to i) identify naturally occurring EPF on P, spumarius in Northwestern Italy, and ii) evaluate the potential for biocontrol of the isolated strains on both nymphal and adult stages of the spittlebug. Four EPF species were isolated from dead P. spumarius collected in semi-field conditions: Beauveria bassianaConidiobolus coronatusFusarium equiseti and Lecanicillium aphanocladii. All the fungal isolates showed entomopathogenic potential against nymphal stages of P. spumarius (≈ 45 % mortality), except for F. equiseti, in preliminary trials. No induced mortality was observed on adult stage. Lecanicillium aphanocladii was the most promising fungus and its pathogenicity against spittlebug nymphs was further tested in different formulations (conidia vs blastospores) and with natural adjuvants. Blastospore formulation was the most effective in killing nymphal instars and reducing the emergence rate of P, spumarius adults, reaching mortality levels (90%) similar to those of the commercial product Naturalis®, while no or adverse effect of natural adjuvants was recorded. The encouraging results of this study pave way for testing EPF isolates against P, spumarius in field conditions and find new environmentally friendly control strategies against insect vectors of Xfastidiosa.

Complete circularized genome resources for Xylella fastidiosa subsp. sandyi strains CO33 and CFBP8478

Authors: María Pilar Velasco-Amo, Luis F. Arias-Giraldo, Miguel Román-Écija, Annalisa Giampetruzzi, Maria Saponari, and Blanca B. Landa

Date: 04/03/24

Xylella fastidiosa (Xf) is a vascular phytopathogenic bacterium native to the Americas, known for causing severe diseases and significant economic losses in important crops. In Europe, Xf is considered a quarantine pathogen. Since its first detection in 2013 in Italy,...

Complete circularized genome resources for Xylella fastidiosa subsp. sandyi strains CO33 and CFBP8478

Authors: María Pilar Velasco-Amo, Luis F. Arias-Giraldo, Miguel Román-Écija, Annalisa Giampetruzzi, Maria Saponari, and Blanca B. Landa

Date: 04/03/24

Xylella fastidiosa (Xf) is a vascular phytopathogenic bacterium native to the Americas, known for causing severe diseases and significant economic losses in important crops. In Europe, Xf is considered a quarantine pathogen. Since its first detection in 2013 in Italy,...

Genealogical tracing of Olea europaea species and pedigree relationships of var. europaea using chloroplast and nuclear markers

Authors: Roberto Mariotti, Angjelina Belaj, Raúl de la Rosa, Rosario Muleo, Marco Cirilli, Ivano Forgione, Maria Cristina Valeri & Soraya Mousavi

Date: 26/09/23

Background Olive is one of the most cultivated species in the Mediterranean Basin and beyond. Despite being extensively studied for its commercial relevance, the origin of cultivated olive and the history of its domestication remain open questions. Here, we present a...