Home 9 Publications 9 Induction of Defense Responses and Protection of Almond Plants Against Xylella fastidiosa by Endotherapy with a Bifunctional Peptide

Induction of Defense Responses and Protection of Almond Plants Against Xylella fastidiosa by Endotherapy with a Bifunctional Peptide

Authors: Luís Moll, Aina Baró, Laura Montesinos, Esther Badosa, Anna Bonaterra, and Emilio Montesinos
Date Published: 08/08/2023
Via: https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-12-21-0525-R

Xylella fastidiosa is a plant pathogenic bacterium that has been introduced in the European Union (EU), causing significant yield losses in economically important Mediterranean crops. Almond leaf scorch (ALS) is currently one of the most relevant diseases observed in Spain, and no cure has been found to be effective for this disease. In previous reports, the peptide BP178 has shown a strong bactericidal activity in vitro against X. fastidiosa and to other plant pathogens, and to trigger defense responses in tomato plants. In the present work, BP178 was applied by endotherapy to almond plants of cultivar Avijor using preventive and curative strategies. The capacity of BP178 to reduce the population levels of X. fastidiosa and to decrease disease symptoms and its persistence over time were demonstrated under greenhouse conditions. The most effective treatment consisted of a combination of preventive and curative applications, and the peptide was detected in the stem up to 60 days posttreatment. Priming plants with BP178 induced defense responses mainly through the salicylic acid pathway, but also overexpressed some genes of the jasmonic acid and ethylene pathways. It is concluded that the bifunctional peptide is a promising candidate to be further developed to manage ALS caused by X. fastidiosa.

Parallel host shifts in a bacterial plant pathogen suggest independent genetic solutions

Authors: Monica A. Donegan, Helvécio D. Coletta-Filho, Rodrigo P. P. Almeida

Date: 29/03/23

While there are documented host shifts in many bacterial plant pathogens, the genetic foundation of host shifts is largely unknown. Xylella fastidiosa is a bacterial pathogen found in over 600 host plant species. Two parallel host shifts occurred—in Brazil and...

Complete Circularized Genome Resources of Seven Strains of Xylella fastidiosa subsp. fastidiosa Using Hybrid Assembly Reveals Unknown Plasmids

Authors: María Pilar Velasco-Amo, Luis F. Arias-Giraldo, Miguel Román-Écija, Leonardo De La Fuente, Ester Marco-Noales, Eduardo Moralejo, Juan A. Navas-Cortés, and Blanca B. Landa

Date: 01/08/23

Xylella fastidiosa is a vascular plant pathogenic bacterium native to the Americas that is causing significant epidemics and economic losses in olive and almonds in Europe, where it is a quarantine pathogen. Since its first detection in 2013 in Italy, mandatory...